640 год до н. э.
- Assyrian king Ashurbanipal founds library, which includes our earliest complete copy of the Epic of Gilgamesh.
- 649 BC - Indabigash succeeds Tammaritu as a king of the Elamite Empire.
- 649 BC - Babylonian revolt under Shamash-shuma-ukin is crushed by the Assyrians.
- 648 BC - Pankration becomes an event at the Ancient Olympic Games.
- April 6, 648 BC - Earliest Greek-chronicled solar eclipse.
- 647 BC - King Assurbanipal of Assyria sacks Susa.
- 642 BC - Ancus Marcius becomes king of Rome (traditional date).
- 640 BC - Great victory of Assyria over Elamite Empire.